100% of the suffering and death we intentionally inflict on nonhuman animals is unnecessary. 99.99% of that is in the matter of “food” alone. However, the ways in which we exploit nonhumans are numerous and go far beyond the mere production of “food.”
Nonhuman animals can feel pain, pleasure, fear, happiness, and many other sensations and emotions that humans do, which means that each individual animal has an interest in their own continued survival and freedoms, just like we do. If we claim that nonhumans matter morally, as most of us seem to do, how can we morally justify unnecessarily harming even one individual animal? And yet, each year, we intentionally kill around 60 billion nonhuman land animals and upwards of 1 TRILLION aquatic animals (that’s 1,000,000,000,000) for no other reason than our pleasure, amusement or convenience.
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